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There is Still Time to Contribute to an IRA for 2017

| April 09, 2018
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There's still time to make an IRA contribution for 2017! You have until your tax return due date (not including extensions) to contribute up to $5,500 for 2017 ($6,500 if you were age 50 by December 31, 2017). For most taxpayers, the contribution deadline for 2017 is April 17, 2018.

 

You can contribute to a traditional IRA, a Roth IRA, or both, as long as your total contributions don't exceed the annual limit (or, if less, 100% of your earned income). You may also be able to contribute to an IRA for your spouse for 2017, even if your spouse didn't have any 2017 income.

 

Traditional IRA

You can contribute to a traditional IRA for 2017 if you had taxable compensation and you were not age 70½ by December 31, 2017. However, if you or your spouse was covered by an employer-sponsored retirement plan in 2017, then your ability to deduct your contributions may be limited or eliminated depending on your filing status and your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) (see table below). Even if you can't deduct your traditional IRA contribution, you can always make nondeductible (after-tax) contributions to a traditional IRA, regardless of your income level. However, in most cases, if you're eligible, you'll be better off contributing to a Roth IRA instead of making nondeductible contributions to a traditional IRA.

 

2017 income phaseout ranges for determining deductibility of traditional IRA contributions:

1. Covered by an employer-sponsored plan and filing as:

Your IRA deduction is reduced if your MAGI is:

Your IRA deduction is eliminated if your MAGI is:

Single/Head of household

$62,000 to $72,000

$72,000 or more

Married filing jointly

$99,000 to $119,000

$119,000 or more

Married filing separately

$0 to $10,000

$10,000 or more

2. Not covered by an employer-sponsored retirement plan, but filing joint return with a spouse who is covered by a plan

$186,000 to $196,000

$196,000 or more

 

Roth IRA

You can contribute to a Roth IRA if your MAGI is within certain dollar limits (even if you're 70½ or older). For 2017, if you file your federal tax return as single or head of household, you can make a full Roth contribution if your income is $118,000 or less. Your maximum contribution is phased out if your income is between $118,000 and $133,000, and you can't contribute at all if your income is $133,000 or more. Similarly, if you're married and file a joint federal tax return, you can make a full Roth contribution if your income is $186,000 or less. Your contribution is phased out if your income is between $186,000 and $196,000, and you can't contribute at all if your income is $196,000 or more. And if you're married filing separately, your contribution phases out with any income over $0, and you can't contribute at all if your income is $10,000 or more.

 

2017 income phaseout ranges for determining ability to contribute to a Roth IRA:

Your ability to contribute to a Roth IRA is reduced if your MAGI is:

Your ability to contribute to a Roth IRA is eliminated if your MAGI is:

Single/Head of household

$118,000 to $133,000

$133,000 or more

Married filing jointly

$186,000 to $196,000

$196,000 or more

Married filing separately

$0 to $10,000

$10,000 or more

 

Even if you make too much money to contribute to a Roth IRA, there may be a workaround for you.  However, this workaround may involve a trap if you’re not careful, so be sure to talk to an HCM Wealth Advisor before making a “back door” contribution.   

 

What You Can Do Next:

 

Do you have a question about making a last-minute IRA contribution?  If so, please contact an HCM Wealth Advisor:

 

Mike Hengehold ([email protected])

Casey Boland ([email protected])

Jake Butcher ([email protected])

Jim Eutsler ([email protected])

Greg Middendorf ([email protected])

Steve Hengehold ([email protected])

Doug Johnson ([email protected])

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